For many reasons, experts recommend planting raspberries in the fall, not in the spring. If you do the work on time, the plant will have time to take root, will be able to get stronger before the onset of the first frost. How to plant raspberries in the fall and all the nuances of the process can be explored in detail in the article.
Why it is better to plant raspberries in the fall?
There are a number of reasons why planting raspberries in the fall is much more preferable than spring.
Planting raspberry seedlings
- During the autumn and winter, the plant will have time to get acclimatized well in the new place and the next year it will begin to bear fruit quickly. Such a crop usually yields more yield than when planted in spring.
- In the autumn, the temperature is moderate, thanks to this, the cuttings will not be difficult to take root, especially since the crop does not keep up with them and the plant starts up all the forces, not the fruits.
- Due to the near winter, raspberry gets the necessary rest after transplanting. It can go into a state of rest and already with the onset of spring, it can hit growth and development.
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There is no definite date for planting raspberries; if you need a specific number, you should contact the lunar or garden calendar. Gardeners recommend replanting crops 2–3 weeks before the cold comes. In principle, you can a little earlier. If there is no complete confidence in the weather, it is better to be safe and plant the cuttings a month before the cold, than because of sudden frosts to lose all the seedlings. As a rule, this period falls on the beginning of September - the end of October, depending on the climatic zone.
How to plant raspberry autumn seedlings?
A place for landing raspberries is chosen sunny, so that the shadow was as small as possible. This should be a flat area, not flat, otherwise the development will be slow. And most importantly - raspberries do not get along with strawberries. This neighborhood is not highly recommended, as well as the location near any solanaceous crops. A favorable site is considered to be the place where gooseberries, onions, or legumes were previously grown.
Planting raspberry seedlings in the hole
Preparation of seedlings depends on their type. When planting raspberries in the fall is carried out by cuttings - sprigs cut from shoots, they are watered with a solution of copper sulphate, and then germinated, having been treated in advance with a means for the rapid growth of roots. The easiest method is to lower the twigs at the cut point into the water and leave until small roots form.
If small shoots with existing roots are taken for planting, they are dug out, then the roots are cleaned. The roots should be young, not affected by diseases or pests, even and beautiful. They are immersed in water so that they are fed.
In the case of transplanting an adult, large raspberry, it is dug up, old roots are removed, leaving only young, even, small ones. Now the sprouts are placed in the water so that the plant “gets drunk”, and before planting they are shortened - by cutting off the upper shoot at least by half. The height of such a seedling should be no more than 40 cm.
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Raspberries can be planted in two ways. The first - in the holes, bushes, and the second - in rows.
Planting raspberry bushes in autumn is a very popular method. To do this, make a few holes and in each place a few seedlings. Usually they plant 1-3 sprouts to make a large, fertile bush. The method is suitable for planting small, thin seedlings, although it is practiced with tall shoots.
Raspberry trench planting
When planting the crop in a row, flat trenches are made 25-30 cm deep into the ground, at a distance of 1-2.5 meters, depending on the raspberry variety (sprawling or compact). At the bottom of the rows pour a layer of humus.
Now at a distance of 60 cm from each other, seedlings are planted in the trenches. The soil is not watered, it should be dry. Roots gently covered with thin layers of earth. Already after planting and sprinkling with soil, around the plants the ground is watered. You should not regret, for each bush there are 4-5 liters of water.
How to care and prepare the plant for the winter?
After planting, the main thing is not to spoil the seedlings poor-quality care. Raspberry gives a quality crop only with proper attention.
- Watering is usually carried out by irrigation in the early morning or late evening. You can install a drip system.
- Once a week, at least it is worth weeding it so that the earth is loose.
- The entire weed is removed in a timely manner, otherwise it will “crush” the bushes.
- Tying is an important step of care. Even small compact bushes will not refuse this measure. This will simplify the harvest, and walking between the rows of raspberries.
Preparing for winter is necessary if the culture is afraid of frost. In this case, you need to bend the branches to the ground and fix them with a string. In winter, the snow will protect the plant from frost. Carry out the procedure a few days before the first frost in the second half of the day, when the raspberry shoots are the most flexible.
In addition, before the snow falls, it is recommended to mulch the soil by any available means: peat, humus, hay, sawdust or something like that to protect the roots from frost.