Dill is a healthy plant with a pleasant aroma. It is used for cooking in medicine and cosmetology. There are many varieties of plants, but the methodology of cultivation is similar for all. How to plant dill in open ground with seeds in order to get a bountiful harvest will be described later in the article.
How to prepare the seeds of dill?
It is important to understand that even without special soaking or seed preparation, they will germinate and give a good harvest, but the quality and ripening period depends on the preparation of planting material. The seeds of the culture contain a lot of essential oils, due to which the plant germinates for a very long time. Therefore, when sowing in the middle of spring, the first dill can be tasted only in June.
Dill seed preparation
To speed up germination, before planting dill in open ground seeds, they need to thoroughly prepare. There are many different techniques, the most popular ones are described below.
- Seeds are placed in a bag of cloth and dipped in warm water (+50 degrees). Every 4-5 hours you need to change the water. The next day they can be sown in the soil.
- For 2 days the seeds are soaked in warm water. Approximately 2-3 times per day it needs to be changed so that it is not cold. You can simplify the task by placing a container with water above the battery or on the stove.
- Seeds are poured with water (it can be cold) and every 4 hours it is changed to get rid of the essential oils. Then the seeds are taken out and immersed in a solution of potassium permanganate for 2 hours, then washed, dried and sown.
- For better growth, seeds can be soaked in solutions of biostimulants or wood ash.
- An unusual, but effective method is the following option. 2 weeks before planting, the seeds are put in a bag, buried in the ground. The day before sowing they need to dig, wash and dry.
Every gardener should know that dill germinates at a temperature of + 5-7 degrees. If it is sown in autumn or early spring, the seeds soaked in advance can die in cold soil. Therefore, in spring and autumn they are either not soaked at all, or they are put in heated land and covered with film.
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Dill seeds can be sown throughout the year. Even in summer, during the drought, they germinate well. But, as a rule, it is done in early spring or autumn, before winter. Dill is almost universal, it grows everywhere. However, the fertility of the land affects the harvest period and its quality.
Preparing the soil for planting dill
A week or two before planting dill in open ground with seeds, the ground is prepared. It is necessary to dig it in advance by adding to each square meter of polvedra humus, compost, 2 tbsp. spoons of superphosphate, 1 tbsp. spoon of potassium sulphide. Ammonia nitrate (200 kg / ha), potassium chloride or superphosphate (100 kg / ha) can also be used as fertilizers. Any vegetables can be predecessors of the culture, except celery.
Sowing occurs early in the morning. A bed is prepared: level, make furrows, if necessary. Right before planting dill, the soil must be watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, for disinfection.
How to plant the seeds of dill?
Planting dill seeds
Plant seeds of dill in open ground can be two methods: solid and lowercase. The first allows you to get a big harvest in a small area, although it will not be very convenient to collect it. The method is to sow the seeds densely, without dividing the plot into ridges or parts. The second option - lower case implies planting in rows. The rows are made at a distance of 20 cm from each other so that the ground part of the plant does not interfere with each other. Seeds are sown thickly or at a distance of 5 cm (bush varieties).
It is not necessary to deeply deepen the seeds, but from above you need to sprinkle them with a thin layer of fertilized soil. When planting in winter, the seeds are deepened by 2-3 cm no more.
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Care is to clean the weeds, weeding between rows, if any, as well as timely watering. Water culture approximately 3 times a week. Water for irrigation infused and warmed in the sun the whole day.
It is important to note that fertilizing after emergence is not recommended. Greens are consumed fresh, and not just processed. Top dressing can harm human health and make the plant taste unpleasant (bitter, sour).
When can you harvest and how to store it?
Harvest can be about 1.5 months after germination. It is cut (mown) or selectively collected the largest and most developed leaves. The greatest value is dill, which reached 5 cm.
For salting going umbrellas. Usually, when dill is planted with seeds in open ground, a few plants or bushes are left specifically for umbrellas. Collect them only in the fall. By this time they are already growing enough, recruiting the necessary micronutrients.
Seeds are harvested in the fall. Inflorescences are put in bags (preferably paper) and cleaned in a dry, dark place. The following year, the seeds obtained can be sown.
Dill stored different methods. To freeze the herbs washed, dried, then cut and placed in a container for freezing. For drying, the plant is again washed, dried, cut and laid out on paper. After the plant has dried, it is placed in a jar and used in the winter for cooking. Drying is possible by another method. The leaves are tied and hung in the house or on the street. After complete drying, they are placed in a jar or any other convenient container.