In the summer it is pleasant to feast on fresh, juicy watermelons. But are the products from the market useful? They could be treated with harmful chemicals, and this is a health risk. Therefore, gardeners are increasingly planting watermelons in their beds. Yes, they require serious care and an abundance of light, warmth, but the effort spent is worth it. Watermelon Chill, its quality characteristics, method of growing and care will be described below in the article.
Description and characteristics of the variety Chill
Grade Chill is medium-late - ripens in 85-97 days from germination. The plant is powerful, with a large number of lashes, the leaves are large, there is a moderate pubescence.
Productivity per hectare 30-35 tons
The fruit is elongated, resembles an oval. The weight of each watermelon can reach 4.2 kg. The peel is of medium density, the flesh is saturated red after full maturity, very tasty, juicy, sweet.
The number of grains is moderate. Each average 1.5 cm in length, light brown in color, rough. The yield per hectare 30-35 tons.
You can grow in a film greenhouse or in open ground. It has an average degree of keeping quality - 3.5 months, transportable.
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The plot for watermelons should be bright, sunny and warm.
Watermelon Chill is planted on a light, breathable ground. If there is none, high-quality fertilizers are applied for better growth and weeding is often carried out. The cultivated area should be bright, sunny, warm, so that the maximum amount of light can fall on the fruit. Perfect hill, but in lowland culture may not grow.
The landing time is May or the beginning of June, when the earth has warmed up and there is no threat of late frost. This is very important, otherwise the crops will be lost. It is worth noting that if after planting the night became cold, it is necessary to cover the crops with a film, otherwise the seeds will not germinate, and the seedlings will freeze.
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How to plant a watermelon seed
How to prepare the seeds?
Sprouted watermelon seeds
The greatest difficulty in growing watermelon chill, like any other species, is the choice of seeds. If the seeds are bad or untested, then the crop may not be or another variety will grow.
Plant watermelon can be either seed or seedlings to prepare in advance. The second method allows you to collect fruit from the garden much earlier. The seedling is prepared from the end of April. Its growing period is 30-35 days, so by the end of May or the beginning of June it will reach the desired size. Harvesting is exactly the same as in the case of any other plant - planting, covering with foil, and when seedlings appear, you need to remove the foil, and just water the sprouts from time to time. Saplings with 4 developed leaves are suitable for planting.
Seeds before sowing on seedlings or in open ground for a permanent place are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, for disinfection. Then you need to rinse them with water, dry.
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Watermelon planting pattern
In order for the watermelon Chill to quickly grow, the soil is fertilized in advance (at least 2 weeks in advance), any fertilizer that is used at the site is suitable for this, but it is recommended that it contains nitrogen.
The scheme of planting a watermelon in a permanent place depends on where it will grow. In the greenhouses enough plot 70x70 cm, and in the open ground - 140x110 cm.
Under each seed or sprout a hole is dug 8-10 cm deep, fertilizers are put in there (if the ground is not fertilized beforehand), the crop is planted, it is added dropwise and watered.
What are the difficulties of caring for watermelon?
Above it was stated that the first difficulty in growing chillies watermelons is the selection of seeds, the second difficulty is related to care. The plant is not enough just watering or fertilizing. It requires comprehensive measures.
- When sprouts grow, they need to be tied up. Garter allows you to significantly simplify the cultivation and save space. To do this, each plant should tie up to the trellis about 50 cm from the ground. It is possible to tie up the culture growing in the greenhouse or in an open ground. This method allows not only to simplify the care, but also to ensure maximum illumination for each fruit, leaf and stalk.
- To get big fruit, you need time to remove all excess whip. After the garter, side shoots are removed. If new ones appear, they are pinned over 1-3 leaves. It is important to note that it is necessary to tear off extra pagons not only from tied cultures, but also in case the plant spreads along the ground. This will improve the illumination.
- As it grows, it is necessary not only to remove the side lashes, but also excess ovaries. On each plant should ripen no more than 3 watermelons!
- If chilled watermelon is tied up, it is important to tie the fruits themselves, or rather to put them in a net bag and tie it to the trellis. Otherwise, the fruit will simply tear off the pagon, on which it grows and breaks.
- Watering is necessary in moderation. The first time, while the plant develops, you can pour more water, but when the fruits appear, it is important to reduce watering, otherwise the roots will rot or watermelons will be watery.
- For some diseases, the variety has an average susceptibility, for example, to powdery mildew or anthracnose, but treatment for pests and diseases is necessary in order not to lose the crop. It is also important to feed in order to increase growth.
- If the plant is grown without a garter, under each fruit you need to put a plate, cardboard or something so that the watermelon does not touch the ground, otherwise it may begin to rot.