Ornamental chickens are raised not so much for meat or eggs as for aesthetic pleasure. They decorate the courtyard with their presence alone, so it is not surprising that such breeds were popular in ancient times. Chickens Phoenix - one of the most unusual breeds, and this article is devoted to them.
"Catching luck by the tail" is just about the long-tailed Phoenix. And let the mythological bird does not exist, the phoenix chickens are not fiction, but a real breed. Since ancient times, she personified luck, prosperity and high virtue in China. But how did these unique birds appear?
Phoenix Firemane Photo
Interesting! Ancient Chinese omen says that if the Phoenix chicken lives in the southern part of the courtyard, then the family will not endure adversity and misfortune.
The history of long-tailed chickens goes back to China in the first millennium. The ancient Chinese breeders called them "Fen-Juan" and associated them with the mystical bird Phoenix, which was the reason for the appearance of another name. She was considered the personification of the feminine principle - “yin” and was revered in every way.
Over time, several representatives of the species were brought to Japan, where they began to be called "Yokohama-tosa" and "Onagadori". Japanese breeders managed to ensure that the tails of some individual specimens reached 11 meters! In Japan, they were considered imperial, a shrine that could not even be planted in the courtyard by everyone! But to eat handsome, nobody dared. They were not sold, but only donated or received as a gift. And when, in Europe and America, they became interested in East Asian culture, the Phoenix chicken spread throughout the world.
Interesting! To this day, the Japanese honor the Phoenix chickens and, just like in former times, do not sell them, as simple breeds and crosses.
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Hens the Phoenix - the known long-tailed breed. Its main distinguishing feature is the tail, which can grow by 90 cm annually. There are two Phoenix directions - Japanese and German. The Japanese seek to increase the length of the tail of chickens more than 11 m. The plans are tails more than 13 and even 16 meters! The Germans spared the bird and grow the Phoenix with tails 2.5-3.5 meters, not more.
Breed of phoenix chickens photo
There are also dwarf chickens Phoenix. They have almost the same appearance and characteristics, only slightly less and with greater productivity. For example, females carry eggs of 30 g each, but they give up to 160 pieces per year. In addition, their tail is not so long, so care is simplified.
Important! Chickens Phoenix do not shed like other breeds. They do not have a molting period at all - this is another distinctive feature due to which the bird has such a big, beautiful tail.
Roosters - decoration of the form. It is their long tail that grows, sometimes capable of reaching 10-11 m (Japanese appearance) or 3.5 meters (German appearance). The mass of an adult bird is 1,5-2 kg. Feet without feathers - down and feathers on them are a sign of mixing rocks! The neck is of medium length. The head is small. The crest of the cock is large, bright red, as are the earrings. Eyes are dark orange, beak is gray-blue or pale yellow.
Interesting! For representatives of the species, their big tail is a problem rather than a cause of joy. Because of such a long tail, it is difficult for them to move, and they live more like parrots - on the poles - so that people can see their beautiful tail.
Chickens have a not so gorgeous tail, like those of roosters, but it is also longer than other breeds and very lush. They are small in size, weighing about 1.3 kg, with a low body. On the head is a straight comb, small in size and earrings. There may be spurs on the legs. The plumage of females and males fits snugly to the body, smooth, glistening in the sun. Color is the most diverse, but more often come across white, golden-maned, black and white and dirty-white birds.
Like most other ornamental species, Phoenix chickens are not brought up to get eggs or meat, but to decorate the yard, so they are rarely paid attention to their productivity. They are not profitable for obtaining eggs or meat, but they can often be seen at exhibitions, as models, and fertilized poultry eggs are not cheap.
Sexual maturity begins at 6 months, but finally chickens and roosters form only at 2 years. The important thing is that the long tail of the rooster is the dominant trait, so if you take a simple hen and a phoenix rooster, their offspring will go to the "dad".
Chicken egg production per year to 100 pieces. The size of the testicles is small - 50 g, not more. Cream shell.
Interesting! At the moment, the longest tail is 13 meters fixed at the cock, 17 years old. And the breeders say that it still continues to grow!
Amazing Rooster Phoenix breed photo
The meat tastes the same as other chickens - tasty, but harsh due to the fact that the species is not broiler. However, the bird is slaughtered as a last resort and very rarely. The reason is that even roosters are very small, a lot of money is spent on their maintenance, and not everyone will have a hand on such a treasure.
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Features of the content of the bird come from the fact that she has a large, beautiful tail. So not every chicken coop is suitable for Phoenixes.
Photo of the chicken coop
The size of the room should be significant. Of course, mansions are not needed, but for one tailed rooster you need at least a square meter of free space. As for chickens, up to 3 individuals can be lodged per square.
Perches are located at a height of 1.2-1.4 meters from the floor. To them make the stairs, special steps, if necessary, but most importantly, that they were not low!
Exemplary cleanliness is maintained in the house. The reason is the same tail. If it is dirty, it will begin to get dirty much and even regular cleaning will not help. This will lead to damage to the pen, possibly discoloration, not to mention the development of microbes and insects in the feathers of the bird.
Outside, a paddock is surely settling down. Chickens Phoenix love to walk. Let some individuals move around because of the length of the tail uncomfortable, but for them it is extremely important! It is advisable to make a spacious aviary, fenced not only from the sides, but also from above and plant low trees inside. Then chickens and roosters will be able not only to walk, but also climb higher so that their tails hang beautifully over the yard.
Important! Walking not only improves the mood of the bird, but also has a positive effect on the color of the feather and the immunity of Phoenix chickens.
Warming the chicken coop is done to reduce the risk of colds and frostbite of the legs, the comb and earrings. But, it is worth noting that the bird is almost not afraid of the cold. She easily walks in the snow and pecks it. Only release the Phoenix on the street in the winter can only be in dry, sunny weather.
How to care for a bird?
Due to the considerable length of the tail, the life of the Phoenix hens is slightly different from the lives of other breeds.
Chickens Phoenix bred in the incubator is almost completely devoid of maternal instinct. A little benefit from the mother hen can only be if she herself has been bred under the hen. And yet the breeders do not take risks, and they themselves breed chicks - in the incubator, so as not to risk.
If the roosters have a modest tail, within 3 meters, then they can walk themselves, but if the length is more than 3 meters, you will have to walk the bird to the breeder. You can take your favorites in your arms, make them perches on the street or just use a special reel for the tail (feathers are worn on it to make it easier to move).
Tail - the main problem breeders. Behind him you need to be beautiful. In the house and on the run, a trough with sand and ashes is made necessary so that the birds clean themselves, but the tail of roosters often requires additional cleaning by the breeder, of course, if the bird allows it.
Important! Outside Germany, Japan, and also China, it is extremely difficult to find phoenix chickens, at least, purebreds. Therefore, the cost of one egg, not to mention the young, can be prohibitively high.
Breed different volatility. Of course, everyone will like to watch the flying long-tailed rooster, but the bird can easily fly away, if not restrict its territory. That is why experts recommend fencing the enclosure not only from the sides, but also from above.
Here, in general, and all the difficulties that will have to face, the rest of the breed is simple. She sometimes needs a vet check-up; she’s getting worms in a timely manner, she is being fed on time, the chicken coop is being cleaned and walking.
Standard bird feeding mode - 2 times a day. They are fed by a simple method, although the Japanese phoenix feed on cages, where they live. Food is supplied to them in special feeders, because it is not convenient for them to eat from the floor - there are no such problems with German species.
Rare and elite breeds of chickens photo
In the morning is usually given soft food - mash. In the evening they feed concentrated feed - cereals, mixed fodder. There are no requirements for feeding the birds, they are not broilers, and they do not need much eggs, the main thing is that the food should be fresh. In the afternoon, if the bird wants it, he will find succulent feed on the walk.
Reviews on the Phoenix chicken breed
Chickens Phoenix - amazing birds, very beautiful, prominent, sometimes funny. Not surprisingly, many breeders want to breed them.
Marina Kiryashina: “I dreamed of breeding Phoenixes from school when I first learned about this species. When I moved out of the city, there was a place for breeding and an opportunity, but there were problems with buying young stock, because I had to order abroad, and then it wasn’t young, but eggs. in the incubator, it came out the first time. This is a truly unique look - downright fabulous! "
Alexey Shilov: “At one time I really wanted to breed Phoenix chickens, but after 3 attempts to acquire breeding young animals, I abandoned the idea. In Russia, eggs cannot be bought, they sell, as a rule, they are simple, under the guise of thoroughbreds, and prices are high abroad, there may be problems during transportation, and there are not many guarantees either. "
Olga Levko: “Having visited Japan and seeing these birds, I simply could not resist and bought a few in Germany. They don’t sell them in Japan, they just donate them, and it’s much harder to take the bird out of the country than to receive it as a gift! worse. Tails, though smaller, but so the bird is easier and easier for me to care. "