To grow a good harvest of carrots and beets is half the battle. It is equally important to harvest the crop in time so that it does not start to rot in the ground and choose the right method of storage. This article will describe when to remove carrots and beets from the beds in different regions. There will also be information about how to collect carrots, beets and under what conditions to store them.
When to remove carrots and beets from the garden?
Opinions of summer residents about when to remove carrots and beets from the beds vary greatly and it is not surprising. There are a huge number of different climatic zones, varieties of carrots and beets, types of land, methods of sowing and care - and all this affects the collection time. In addition, there are two types of collection.
- In the first case, gardeners harvest as soon as it ripens.
- In the second case, the gardeners wait several days after full maturity, so that the roots will lie in the ground, prepare, so to speak, for winter storage.
Both of the aforementioned options have their own background and summer residents successfully use them, so you can choose either of them - at will, and it is better to try both options and choose the one that suits you best. However, it is important to remember and adhere to the same rule - carrots and beets are cleaned until stable colds are established with temperatures below -3 degrees Celsius!Important! It is not recommended to focus on neighbors in the garden for digging up the crop, because the time of sowing, care, fertilizer for the soil with them, as a rule, differ, and therefore the ripening of root crops can be carried out at different times!
Experts note that it is better to dig carrots after reaching technical ripeness. The main symptom is yellowing of the leaves. But here it is important to take into account the weather conditions. In dry months, yellow tops may indicate not ripeness, but a low level of moisture in the ground.
But when to clean carrots and beets for months? If we talk about the middle lane, this is the period from the end of September to the beginning of October. The first is always dug up beets, and then, after a week, you can take up the carrots. If sudden, first frosts have arrived, the carrots are crushed to the ground, and they are covered with agrofiber or sacking over the beds.
Photo harvest carrots and beets
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The Moscow region belongs to central Russia, so, as mentioned above, they dig carrots and beets there from about the end of September to the beginning of October. In order for the crop to be pleased with keeping quality and taste, it is recommended to take into account some points.
- In September, there is an accumulation of sugars in the carrot, so it is impossible to rush into harvesting - harvesting earlier than mid-September may lead to the harvest being bitter, insipid, or simply not sweet.
- In the Moscow region in the autumn can be a lot of rain, and during the rain or after it collecting root crops is not recommended. So usually gardeners are waiting for a dry period, and at the end of it they dig up beets with carrots.
- Before you finally dig up the roots, it is worth a drop in one or two and check them for ripeness.
When to clean carrots and beets in the Urals?
Depending on when the crop was planted in the Urals, harvesting may occur at different times. Of course, the variety is also taken into account. Early and mid-season carrots and beets are chosen for cultivation in the Urals, because before the first frosts they usually have time to mature completely, unlike late species.
As for the time of harvest, if the beets were planted in mid-May, from the end of August you can begin to check the yield for readiness. The same applies in principle to carrots. But, if spring, summer were cold, rainy, overcast, the crop will need more time to ripen and harvest is delayed until September.
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Siberia is the most difficult region in Russia for growing vegetables; therefore, they use a certain agricultural technique, a sowing method, and also plant only those varieties that are suitable for this climate. It is recommended to sow vegetables in Siberia, the vegetation period of which is up to 100 days.Important! Carrots, unlike beets, tolerate small frosts, so the first is always digging up beets, and then carrots.
It is exactly 100 days after the emergence of shoots that these varieties need to be dug out - this is approximately the end of August or the beginning of September. To begin with, of course, they are checked for readiness — 1-2 things are taken out and only then the harvest can be fully harvested.
Photo of how to dig carrots using forks
How to collect carrots and beets?
Knowing when to pick carrots and beets from the garden in a given region is of course important. But the technology of collection plays an important role! For a start it is worth noting that the harvest is carried out in dry weather. A couple of days before that, there should be no rain so that the land is more or less dry, and not swampy!
Carrots and beets are never just pulled out of the ground! You can of course use this method, but most of the tails will break, the roots can be damaged. This method is convenient only for young cultures, and not for those that are already large, matured - a special tool is needed here!
In order to carefully dig the crop it is better to use not a shovel, but forks. The ground is carefully lifted with a fork, and the roots themselves fall out of the ground. But it is desirable not to place the pitchfork directly in the row where vegetables are growing, but between the rows, directing towards the bed. After harvesting the beets are collected in piles and dried for about 2 days. But in principle, carrots can not be dried.Important! You can not dry the roots in the sun! This will lead to their withering, decrease in safety.
When the harvest is collected, you can cut the tops, but with a knife or scissors, and not to tear the greens, because in the latter case there is a high risk of damage to the root. All leaves are cut off in a beet, but in order not to touch the root crop, and in carrots you need to leave a stump up to 2 cm. It is recommended to clean the carrots and beets from the ground only if they go on sale - vegetables for winter storage will never be washed from land!
How to store carrots and beets in the cellar or basement?
The question of storing carrots and beets is worrying many summer residents, because it is a shame when a good crop is rotting before our eyes due to poor conditions in just a few months or even weeks!Interesting! If during the harvest it is noticed that the central leaves of the culture have withered, then this is most likely some kind of disease or pest. Such root vegetables are dug and folded separately to be consumed first or discarded altogether, depending on the degree of the problem.
Root vegetables are stored in the basement or cellar, separately from fruit. In the conditions of the apartment, you can use a warmed balcony or pantry. The room should be clean, dark. The temperature inside is maintained within + 1 ... +3 degrees. There are many methods of storage: in clay, in bags, nets, sand, and so on. You can use any convenient option, the main thing is just before laying it is good to sort all the roots and sort them.